L4 Induction Part 2

In this induction you will be shown how to make two book structures that can be used for books with lots of pages.

Book 1 is a multi-section binding with a soft cover. Pages are folded into sections and sewn together to make a book that opens well and you can see the whole page.

All tools and materials will be provided.
  1. Start by folding paper into sections:
Take four sheets of paper, gather them into a tidy pile and fold in half all together. Press the fold by hand and then with a bone folder.

This makes a section of 16 pages. You will need four sections all together so fold another three in the same way.

2. Make a template for the sewing holes:

Fold one more sheet pf paper in half and lay your ruler along the fold. Mark up in pencil, on the fold, the position of six holes at the following measurements: 1cm, 6.5cm, 7.5cm, 13.5cm, 14.5cm, 20cm.

3. Make the sewing holes in each section:

Use the cradle and the hole-making tool: open up each section, one at a time, to the centre fold and drop into the cradle. Place the guide on top and push the hole making tool down and through the whole section to make six holes.
Gather the sections together and check that the holes align across the spine of the book.

4. Sew the pages together: you will need 100cm 0f thread and a needle. Sew with single thread. See below for video of sewing – French link stitch.

5. Press the pages in the nipping press: Use your two pressing boards to make a sandwich with the pages then place in a press and squeeze tight for a few minutes to squeeze out the air in the pages.


6. Glue the spine: Take the book and boards out of the press and back to your workspace. You will also need PVA glue, a small brush and a heavy weight. See video:


7. Make soft cover:

1. Measure the spine of the book whilst it is between the boards. How many millimetres wide is it?
2. Transfer this measurement to the top (long) edge of the cover card, roughly in the middle of the card. mark up in pencil on the edge of the card, two pencil marks.
3. Use the scoring board to make two creases on your marks: line up one pencil mark in the middle of a groove then using a bone folder, press and drawing downward in the groove. Move the card along so that the second pencil mark is in the middle of a groove and repeat.
4. Make two more scores about 5mm to the left and right of the first two folds.
5. Fold the cover into the shape of the book.

6. carefully remove the pages from between the pressing boards.

7. Glue the cover to the pages by applying PVA to the inside of the cover card with a small brush, glueing the three vertical spaces created by the scores. Drop the pages onto the cover and press by hand to make a snug join.

Next , take your book to the technician for cutting on the power guillotine.

Book 2 – A Japanese binding or “stab” sewing

For this book, single pages are gathered into a tidy pile and then a series of holes are drilled along one edge. The pages are sewn through the holes or sometimes screwed together using binding posts.

This is a useful structure for binding visual research or when pages are very large. One edge of each sheet will be hidden inside the binding and the pages do not always open flat.

Use the bundle of single sheets with two thin card covers for this project.

  1. Take one of the white sheets and mark up along one edge with a ruler and pencil as follows:
On the short edge, draw a line that is 1cm in from the edge. On this line, mark two points at 1cm from top and bottom edges and then a centre point to make three hole positions.

2. Using the power drill to make the sewing holes: Please read through the instructions below and watch the video before you use the drill. You will be able to ask the technician for help if you need it.


The drill should be plugged in and ready to use. It has been preset to drill holes that are 1cm from the edge of the page. Please tie back hair, scarves etc before you use the drill.

Take your pages back to your work desk and prep[are for sewing. Discard the top sheet that you used as a guide and set up your pages as shown here:

Lay the bundle of pages flat and hang the edge with the holes over the edge of the bench. Use a weight to hold everything in place.

Video: 3-hole sewing:

When you have finished, please tidy up your workspace by putting rubbish in the bin and wash your glue brush.

Thank you.



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