The Digital City and Platform Capitalism: A Closer Look at Airbnb

During my time as an Airbnb host, I’ve had the pleasure of opening my home to a diverse range of guests, from free-spirited backpackers to diligent business travelers. Yet, beneath these delightful encounters lies a complex interaction between platform capitalism (Woodcock, 2021) and the notion of the digital city.

Airbnb, a prominent figure in the sharing economy, has revolutionized the way homeowners can generate supplementary income by renting out their properties. This groundbreaking platform exemplifies the broader trend of platform capitalism, which harnesses digital networks to extract value from users’ activities.

While engaging in the sharing economy can be gratifying for both hosts and guests, it is crucial to contemplate the broader implications of platform capitalism on the digital city. Swift urbanization and the growing integration of digital technologies have reshaped our lives and work. Nonetheless, the emergence of platforms such as Airbnb has also given rise to challenges like escalating housing prices and the displacement of local communities (Gurran and Shrestha, 2021).

As we delve into platform capitalism and traverse the digital city, we must adopt a more thoughtful approach to guarantee a balanced and sustainable future for all stakeholders. Seizing the opportunities provided by platforms like Airbnb demands that we weigh the potential consequences and collaborate to tackle the associated challenges.

The secret to realizing a sustainable digital city is nurturing transparency and cooperation among all parties involved, encompassing hosts, guests, platform operators, and policymakers (Gurran and Shrestha, 2021). By actively partaking in policy-making, implementing regulations, and heightening awareness about the implications of platform capitalism, we can strive toward a more equitable and democratic digital future.

My experience as Airbnb host and studying smart cities has opened my eyes to the opportunities and challenges of platform capitalism and the digital city. and as we continue to embrace the sharing economy, it’s crucial to maintain a balance between benefits and responsibilities.

Week 3 – The Loss of Social Capital in Smart Cities: A Call for Balance

In the age of smart cities and ever-increasing technological advancements, we often find ourselves marveling at the convenience and efficiency of our urban environments “We are reorganizing our lives and our communities around mass mobile communications” (Townsend; p.2). However, as we embrace the wonders of technology, it is crucial to reflect on the potential loss of human contact and the risk of social isolation in these smart cities (Townsend, 2013). The erosion of social capital, as Miller (2011) suggests, could be an unintended consequence of the digital world we are building.

Imagine strolling through the streets of a smart city. You’re surrounded by high-tech infrastructure, state-of-the-art public transport systems, and countless digital devices that aim to make life simpler. While these innovations offer undeniable benefits, they also raise questions about our increasingly detached human interactions. Are we sacrificing genuine connections with our neighbors, friends, and even strangers for the sake of technological progress?

Townsend (2013) highlights the potential risks of social isolation in smart cities, where human contact is replaced by digital interfaces and algorithms. In this context, people may find themselves more connected to their devices than to each other, which could lead to a decline in social capital. Miller (2011) further elaborates on this issue, emphasizing that the key elements of digital culture may undermine the fundamental human connections that constitute the essence of our social well-being.

As we continue to develop smart cities and embrace the digital world, it is crucial to strike a balance between leveraging the benefits of technology and preserving our social capital. Townsend (2013) suggests that urban planners and policymakers should prioritize human connections when designing smart cities, ensuring that digital technologies enhance, rather than replace, The organization ‘Playable City,’ as discussed in ‘The Compass’ podcast, could potentially serve as one solution to address this issue.

Let’s embrace the future while keeping the importance of human connections at the forefront of our minds. After all, the genuine bonds we form with one another are irreplaceable and cannot be replicated by even the most sophisticated algorithms. Maintaining this perspective will help us create a balance that preserves the essence of our humanity amidst rapid technological advancements.


Glover, F. (2019) ‘The Smart City: Seoul, South Korea, [The Compass], 10 April 2019. Available at: (Accessed: 21 March 2023)

Miller, V. (2011) Understanding Digital Culture. In: Miller, V. Key Elements of Digital Media. Sage: pp 12-21

Townsend, A. (2013). Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia. W.W. Norton & Company