Task 1

Mise en Scene – It literally means “putting on stage” is the arrangement of the props or everything relevant to the set, including camera and lighting.

Shot Reverse Shot – Mainly used for when two characters are dialoguing. It usually switch from left or right depending who is talking, it helps to give dialogues more flows in the editing. TO give sense to it, would be better to stick to the 180 degrees rule.

Pan/Track/Zoom – Three filming techniques, a pan is a shot where the camera is still and moves on the frame horizontally (left/ right – right/left). A track is a shot where the camera follows a subject throughout the whole scene so backward/forward/alongside. A zoom is a shot where the camera is still and it just zooms in or out.

Psychoanalysis (Film Theory) – Is a school of academic thought that evokes of the concepts of psychoanalysts Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan. That are used in film.

Suture – Techniques to make the audience forget about the camera and give the impression that they are the camera itself.

The Gaze – The gaze can refer to two elements. A male gaze, is shots that usually sexualise women. F or female gaze this often refers to the emotional, detailed shots focusing on the effects that a character is going through.

Audience – The audience is simply who is watching the movie, the viewer. There is also “target audience” in movies or tv shows. The target audience is that slice of people who are most likely to watch the film or show,

Representation – Representation is the way characters or locations are presented to the viewer. It is common to represent certain characters, depending on their place of provenience, relying on common belief or urban legends.

Montage – A synonyms of montage is Mosaic. Like a mosaic, a montage is a combination of different part of different footages combined together, accompanied by music and glued perfectly together by an editing work.

Cinema of Attractions – The ” Cinema of Attractions” is the development of the Early Cinema and a form of film represented often by the experimentation of filmmakers to create worlds far from behind ordinary and common in such way to keep the viewer’s attention

Task 6

When we talk about Auteur, referring to a director, we mean someone who has a personal and distinctive style who make him recognisable to the audience because of their particular vision and particular use of different techniques. Auteurism is how the director expose his vision through the camera with his stylistic choices of the film, they can be compared to painters with their own singular vision of reality.

One of the directors who I consider an auteur is Quentin Tarantino. In every of his movies there are always several components that will make you understand who’s the creator of it. It’s not just about the camera work, even if it does play a part, it’s the entire structure of his movies that is recognisable, form the violence to the humour, to the intense dialogue to the non-linear plots.
One of his most iconic piece of work is, without any doubt, is Pulp Fiction (1994).
In this incredible movie is easy to recognise his style. Tarantino wants to tell us three different stories that somehow are connected with each other. The first one is about Vincent Vega ( John Travolta) and Jules Winnfield ( Samuel L. Jackson ), two hitman who are going to experience a quite crazy day. The second one still involve Vincent, but this time he’s with Mia Wallace ( Uma Thurman ), Vince’s boss’s wife for a fun night out, that end up with her going on Heroin Overdose. The third and last one is about Butch Coolidge ( Bruce Willis ) who’s a fugitive boxer who, somehow after a series of events finds himself punching his way out from a pawn shop basement.
Those stories though are not showed in a linear sequence, they jump from one to another, mixing the present with the past and it really want the audience to pay attention to what are they watching or they’ll get lost very, very easily. This doesn’t happen just in this Tarantino’s movie, among the most it also happens in Reservoir Dogs (1992) and Hateful Eight (2015). Tarantino really loves to mix up the story a little bit. Another feature that make a Tarantino movie a TARANTINO movie is the use of humour and extreme violence combined together. The perfect example is the “Big kahuna burger”. The scene has a “bitter sweet” flavour. It can confuse the viewer very easily when Jules is having a chitty chat about the Hawaiian burger with the guys who he’s going to shot couple of minutes later.
What is also fascinating in that scene, like all the others, and that make it an original Tarantino’s is the dialogue. Being not only a director but a writer too, he looks in detail to dialogues and how to make the script fits perfectly to the character. You can understand a lot about his characters by the way the show themselves and the way they talk to each other.


Thriller is one of the main and biggest category in cinema. It can be divided in sub categories such as: Psychological,action,crime,spy,mystery,political,legal and science fiction. All of this different sub-categories though have similar features.

The thriller genre made its first appearance on tv in the 1920s. One of the first thriller movies ever made was “Safety last!” by Harold Lloyd in 1923, followed by Alfred Hitchcock with “The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog” in 1926.

Thriller movies are always characterised by the tension and the excitement that they create for the audience, most of the time by using certain sounds or music, or very tight camera angles. This creates claustrophobic images or giving to the spectator the idea that the main protagonist is trapped, in danger or can’t escape. The pace of these kind of movies is always very fast with drastic interruptions that often create tension. Very often distorted camera angles are used to give the idea that something creepy is going to happen.

Thriller movie narratives almost always follow the protagonist solving problems that, most of the time, the villain is giving them. Even if the narrative line looks easy to follow, it gets very complicated due to the use of plot twists, cliffhangers and red herrings. During the movie there are often objects onscreen that initially appear irrelevant but become useful to the main character or villain. Thriller movies usually use this build up of tension and excitement to keep the spectators vigilant on what is going on and interested in what could possibly happen next.

Common themes for the thriller genre are revenge, kidnapping or heist. Most of them are somehow connected by several elements such as:
Obsessive characters, especially villains.
Psychology or the use of mind games, still used by villains to try to mentally destroy the main character or other victims.
Plot twists: These are often used by directors to mix up the spectator’s idea of what’s coming next.

The iconography of the thriller genre differs based on the kind of thriller that we are watching. Although, some very common features are the use of shadows, confined spaces and the idea that the character is always in danger. Another essential feature is the use of the light. Manipulating the light in a certain way can make location look unsettling and creepy or, used on a character it gives the audience the idea that there still more to find out about them or can simply describe their inner feelings. Last but not least, running water is big part of the thriller iconography. Most of the time it is associated with the idea of life passing by and death, but can also play the function of the calm before the storm.

Task 3

Michael’s house – MORNING

Opening scene – Michael is looking at himself in the toilet’s mirror

Camera moving upward from his feet up to his face.

– Chubb legs
– beer belly
– hairy chest
– moobs
– weak arms
– unshaved beard
– not much left of a haircut

He exhales and walks to the sink to brush his teeth.

MICHAEL talking to himself

– What do we want to do Michael? I mean, now it’s the 34th that you keep repeating this to yourself! YOU NEED TO GET IN SHAPE! And what has changed since the beginning of all of this? Nothing! Except the fact that now, you’re not just out of shape but you’re bald as well. Ah, I still remember the long, blonde and wavy Barbra streisand – like hair that you used to have. now it’s just a faded memory.

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