Research projects

Students on our courses design and conduct their own research study. We would expect the work to be good enough for publication.

Examples of research projects

Strength and Conditioning

  • The use of RPE as a proxy for bar velocity in the bench press exercise
  • Effect of a 4-week inspiratory muscle training on intermittent sprint performance in hypoxia
  • Effect of blood flow restriction training upon gluteus muscle activation
  • Will an immersive visual cycling interface (Zwift) affect physiological and perceptual responses during a 10-km cycling time trial?
  • Differences in quandriceps muscle activation during a leg extension protocol between an isoinertial device and a traditional cable machine
  • The relationship between perceived and predicted repetitions in reserve based on changes in mean propulsive velocity in the bench press exercise
  • Effect of intermittent blood flow restriction training on recover following an exercise induced muscle damage protocol

Applied Sport Physiology

Exercise tolerance
  • Effect of a positive pacing strategy on the power-duration relationship
  • Moderate intensity priming exercise with restricted leg blood flow on maximal cycling performance
  • The effect of severe intensity priming exercise and ischemic pre-conditioning on 25 minutes cycling performance
  • Effect of anticipation on physiological variables at 90% of peak treadmill speed
  • The effects of sleep deprivation on the susceptibility of heat related illness in females
  • The effects of partial sleep deprivation on afternoon repeated- sprint ability and post prolonged intermittent-sprint exercise in well-trained female footballers
  • The effect of one night of sleep restriction on intermittent exercise performance and plasma interleukin-6 concentration in male game players
  • Effect of remote ischemic preconditioning on the power-duration relationship for severe-intensity exercise
  • The effects of inspiratory muscle training on intermittent sprint performance in hypoxia
  • The effect of tDCS on time to task failure in trained cyclists
  • Recreational triathletes do not self-select the most economical stride frequency in isolated or transition running
Ergogenic aid
  • Effect of caffeine on affect and pain perception during high intensity interval training
  • Effect of carbohydrate supplementation on supraspinal contributions to neuromuscular fatigue during prolonged cycling.
Environmental physiology
  • Hypoxic tolerance test for intermittent sports players
  • Multiple sprint performance of game players is impaired in moderate hypoxia regardless of sodium bicarbonate supplementation
  • The effect of an acute intermittent hypoxic protocol on corticospinal excitability
  • The effect of an intermittent hypoxic protocol on haematological markers and subsequent exercise tolerance in severe hypoxia
  • The time course of neuromuscular fatigue during a 40-km cycling time trial in hot humid conditions

Applied Exercise Physiology

Exercise tolerance
  • Effect of caffeine on affect and pain perception during high intensity interval training
  • Is there a reserve of power output immediately following the performance of an incremental exercise?
  • The effect of a high carbohydrate vs high protein pre-exercise meal on high intensity interval training and psychophysiological and IL-6 responses in overweight peri-menopausal women
  • The short-term effect of time restricted feeding in all components of performance in women
Physical activity
  • Can a Geocaching Intervention Increase Physical Activity in the Community?
Environmental physiology
  • Does sauna suit training in a temperate environment display heat acclimation physiological adaptations?
  • Sensitivity of Heart Rate Variability in normobaric hypoxia
  • Does backpack load carriage weight affect susceptibility to acute mountain sickness during intermittent walking in hypoxia?
  • Effect of plasma volume changes on performance and the physiological responses to endurance exercise in a temperate environment
  • Does inspiratory muscle training increase oxygen saturation during acute hypoxia?
Clinical exercise physiology
  • The Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Respiratory Muscle Strength and Co-ordination in Patients with Ataxia-Telangiectasia.
  • The effect of interoception on exercise sensitivity in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
  • The effect of long-term heat acclimation on an adult with cystic fibrosis: A case study
  • Post-exertional malaise in myalgicencephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome using a multidisciplinary approach: A critical comparative case study
  • Female breast cancer survivors and heat exposure: Impact on health-related quality of life
  • RNA yield, purity and quality from saliva during human recombinant erythropoietin administration
  • The application of metabolomics to describe responses to resistance training with and without blood flow restriction

Examples of publication from MSc projects

MacKenzie, R.W.A., Watt P., Maxwell N.S. (2008). Acute normobaric hypoxia stimulates erythropoietin release. High Altitude Medicine and Biology. 9:28–37. doi: 10.1089/ham.2008.1043.

Duffield R., R. Green P. Castle and Maxwell N. (2010). Precooling Can Prevent the Reduction of Self-Paced Exercise Intensity in the Heat. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 42(3), pp. 577–584. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b675da

Snelling A., Castle P. and Maxwel, N.S. (2011). Precooling leg muscle prior to and during warm-up for intermittent sprint exercise in the heat. European College of Sport Sciences Annual Conference, Liverpool.

Dekerle J., Barstow T.J., Regan L. and Carter H. (2014). The Critical Power Concept in All-out Isokinetic Exercise. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(6):640-4.

Gibson O, Dennis A., Parfitt T., Taylor L., Watt P. and Maxwell N.S. (2014). Extracellular Hsp72 concentration relates to a minimum endogenous criteria during acute exercise-heat exposure. Cell Stress and Chaperones. 19(3), pp. 389-400. doi: 10.1007/s12192-013-0468-1

Maxwell N.S., Young M., Renesto L., Lowe S., Haye, M. and Freeman J (2014). Practical precooling improves thermal comfort during exercise and better maintains ambulatory control in heat sensitive individuals with Multiple Sclerosis. European College of Sports Science Annual Congress, Amsterdam.

Randall C., Ross E.Z. and Maxwell N.S. (2015). Effect of practical precooling on neuromuscular function and 5 km time-trial performance in hot, humid conditions amongst male, well-trained runners. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(7), 1925-1936. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000840.

Turner G., Gibson O.R. and Maxwel, N.S. (2014). Simulated Moderate Hypoxia Reduces Intermittent Sprint Performance in Games Players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 54(5): 566-74.

Twomey R., Wrightson J., Fletcher H., Avraam S., Ross E., Dekerle J. (2017). Exercise-Induced Fatigue in Severe Hypoxia Following an Intermittent Hypoxic Protocol. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(12):2422-2432. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001371.

Relf R., Willmott A., Mee J., Gibson O., Saunders A., Hayes M. and Maxwell N.S. (2018). Females exposed to 24 hours of sleep deprivation do not experience greater physiological strain, but do perceive heat illness symptoms more severely, during exercise-heat stress. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(3):348-355. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1306652.

Dekerle J., Ansdell P., Schäfer L., Greenhouse-Tucknott A., Wrightson JG. (2019). Methodological issues with the assessment of voluntary activation using transcranial magnetic stimulation in the knee extensors. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 119(4):991-1005. doi: 10.1007/s00421-019-04089-7.

Dekerle J., Greenhouse-Tucknott A., Wrightson J.G., Schäfer L, Ansdell P. (2019). Improving the measurement of TMS-assessed voluntary activation in the knee extensors. PLoS One. 2019 Jun 6;14(6):e0216981. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216981

Holland L., Willmott A., Gibson O., Maxwell N., Hayes M. (2018). Repeatedly training in a sauna suit induces similar magnitudes of physiological and perceptual adaptations to chamber-based heat acclimation protocol. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science Annual Student Conference, Northumbria, 2018.