Final Outcome





Intersectionality Now! is my final outcome for this project. As expressed clearly on my blog, feminism quickly became the focus of my research for this brief and I have looked at bringing attention to gender related symbols such as femme, androgyny, and transgender and quotes that promote intersectional feminism. Therefore, I have made a book that brings these two elements together in order to call for feminism to be intersectional, as in today’s society it is so important that equality and diversity is in place, embraced and not ignored, thus ensuring that no individual or group is excluded as this is such a powerful movement, especially in the current political climate. I have a paper book bound by white cotton thread in the top left corner. I initially bound the pages together in a corset pattern so sewed ‘x’ shapes all the way down to make a spine, but this proved rather difficult as some of the papers were very thin and were easily torn so when I bound them quite tightly this caused them to tear free from the thread so I had to bind the book together in this way. This paper was extremely delicate and the laser cutting, particularly on the ones with the symbols carved out of them, were extremely fiddly. This is meant that when it came to pairing them with their counter parts (the paper with a quote laser cut out of it), when turning the pages, I would just treat them as one page because each pair have been treated as one in terms of layout in terms of how the quote fits in perfectly with the shape of their perspective symbol. Although I do not regret the laser cutting as it is, ultimately, the skill that I wanted to develop in this project and feel that I have been very successful in that, I could of however, chosen a slightly more readable font as this one, projecting the digital, harsh, and powerful aesthetic that I was after, did prove quite difficult to read once they were cut with the laser. This I fixed by printing out the text in an amazingly deep violet colour that contrasted with the vibrant pink and classic white incredibly just so the definition of each letter was very clear and also keeping the fact that it had also been laser cut very much at the forefront of the piece. Unfortunately, because of the fragile nature of some of the pages there have been a couple of minor tears in the paper, making one of the pages in particular, quite tactile to handle so you have to be very gentle. However, even though this may have been an unwanted and unexpected element that could be argued as bringing imperfection to my final piece, I also think that it brings a sense of delicacy and the fact that it must be treated with care so that it doesn’t break even further is very much synonymous with the book’s topic, that of intersectional feminism.


Influential Women & My Final Piece Idea

My idea for my final piece is to create a paper book and utilise laser cutting to read out different symbols related to gender and inspirational quotes from various inspirational women- all to promote intersectional feminism.

With symbols such as trans, femme, non-binary, and androgyne being used, I think that this book will work to educate people in LGBTQ and gender.

Image result for gender symbols

Inspirational Quotes

Audre Lorde was a writer, feminist, womanist, and civil rights activist. As a poet she is known for her profound emotional expression and her anger and outrage at civil and social injustices she observed. Her work focused on civil rights, feminism, and the exploration of black female identity.

“I am not free while any woman is unfree, even when her shackles are very different from my own.”

“There is no such thing as a single-issue struggle because we do not live single-issue lives.”


Kimberle Williams Crenshaw is an American civil rights advocate and a professor at the UCLA School of Law and Columbia Law School. As a professor, she specialises in race and gender issues. She is known for the introduction and development of intersectional theory. Intersectionality is a methodology of studying “the relationships among multiple dimensions and modalities of social relationships and subject formations” (McCall 2005).

“If we aren’t intersectional, some of us, the most vulnerable, are going to fall through the cracks.”

“When feminism does not explicitly oppose racism, and when antiracism does not incorporate opposition to particularly, race and gender, politics often end up being antagonistic to each other and both interests lose.”


Zooey Descahnel is an American actress and singer-songwriter.

“I’m just being myself… We can’t be feminine and be feminists and be successful? I want to be a fucking feminist and wear a fucking Peter Pan collar. So fucking what?”


RuPaul is an American drag queen, actor, television personality and recording artist. RuPaul has hosted and produced the show RuPaul’s Drag Race since 2009, for which he won an Emmy for in 2016.

“If you can’t love yourself, how the hell you gonna somebody else? Can I get an amen in here?”


All of these people have different platforms and forms of how they express their feminism and their goals to achieve equality and unity, but what they share is their powerful message to their audience.



Further Experimentation & Progression to Final Outcome

Unfortunately, I wasn’t able to take any photographs or me making the paper, but I took photos of them all drying. This is the batch of papers I made to further experiment with thickness, texture, impressions, and the adding other materials. This proved very helpful in terms of improving my confidence and also in making me start to think about refining my final piece idea.



With that in mind, these are the two batches of paper I have made in preparation for my final piece for this project. One batch is the original white colour with the other group being a beautiful pinky purple colour. I chose this colour because it linked incredibly well with the feminist movement and when I look at my posting on colour symbolism it speaks very well to the audience, in terms of what I am trying to communicate to them regarding feminism. Unity, equality, strength.


Pussy Riot

Pussy Riot is a feminist protest punk rock group based in Moscow, Russia. Calling for equality (basic human rights) in the most amazing way – they stand to fight for women in a world where they are still oppressed by men. In a country where freedom in some forms including homosexuality are forbidden and criminalised, Pussy Riot stand as a force to be reckoned with but a force than transcends a single country – they work to spread their message globally and with spunk too. An incredibly powerful voice in today’s society, their stunts are big, ballsy, and come out with a bang and I would expect nothing less from the all powerful group. When you stand to make a difference, make a change for something that shouldn’t need to be fought for you have to make noise, a lot of noise, or your voice will never be heard. Looking into feminism is something that I feel is so relevant today, especially when looking at the person who assumed power of one of the largest countries in the world and what he represents to not only Americans but to the human race as a whole. I fear that without groups like these progress would come to a halt. This cannot happen for equality must be obtained for all women!


Guerrilla Girls

Guerrilla Girls are a symbol of what a real fight for equality looks like. I saw an exhibition at the V&A that featured them and I really connected to their philosophy and how although the statements are incredibly bold, they also need to be in order to make people stop and really think. It’s not just ‘activism’ though it’s using what is actually happening in today’s society in all areas such as the entertainment industry, and the art world, and pushing real facts forward, placing them simply in front of the public asking if this is something they really agree with and think should continue. I think it’s so important that people are given the opportunity to find out this information and have complete access to it so that they can form an unbiased and solid opinion on where they stand.


Louise Bourgeois




Subversion. Subversion is key in any movement. Feminism is no exception. The work of Louise Bourgeois is iconic, staple to feminism as a concept and ideal. It is so important that the work of female artists not only be acknowledged but celebrated in the art world. It has long gone unnoticed that most of art exhibitions around the world showcase art that is predominantly produced by men. In today’s society however, this is being challenged. The Tate strives to make female artists equally heard and the work of this artist is an example of that. This work is very powerful and conveys a strong message that is displayed physically in many different mediums, thus making the artist incredibly accomplished and her talent vital to anyone who wants to know more about feminism. Her work is very delicate and seemingly subtle, however the messages they convey and the feelings that they evoke are very powerful. There is great intimacy in her work that instantly relates to the viewer, drawing them in, creating a deep connection between artist and audience.



Cindy Sherman







Cindy Sherman is an icon when it comes to feminism. Taking clichés of the ‘typical woman’ and posing for what would stereotypically acceptable for a woman is very challenging and sends a strong message to the audience. Although her work was revolutionised in the 70s, her work still poses a powerful presence today and is inspirational to many. Her work has influenced me in terms of the way I want my stance on feminism to come across. I think in today’s society people are under the false notion that there is so much more equality when it comes to male rights versus female rights as well as the actual definition of feminism and how it is must to be intersectional in order to achieve equality amongst women – ALL women.


Liz Collins

Collins’ work ‘Veins’ has pushed me to think about the kinds of experiments I can use when making the paper as well as thinking about pattern and layout. Although I am interested in focusing on text for my work, I think that the idea of communicating a message to the audience is critical and think that is why I have been drawn to this collection by Collins in particular as it evokes such strength and depth through looking at something that lies underneath. Veins are obviously visible to the human eye on our bodies and there are ways in which they can be made more prominent and alter slightly in colour, so I was so captivated by the colours she used and the different thicknesses and textures in her materials. I think that when it comes to a concept, you have to take every focal element into consideration and that is something vital when developing any piece of work and is something that I will definitely think about going forward.


Sami Hilal

Hilal’s work is exceptional! I love his abilities in terms of craft and how his results entail the most remarkable lines and shapes. My interest in using laser cutting with text has intensified after looking at this work as one of the many ways in which of achieving ‘the look’ I’m after have been realised. Working with materials such as copper filings, thus representing rust decay, only works to make these pieces that much more interesting and captivating. This is due to the fact that Hilal is working into this type of material so it’s putting work on top of something that is made to look worn and to have ‘lived’, in a sense, increases the work he has done in terms of value and intrigue. His work is very 3-dimensional and has great depth to it, both literally, introducing by the many layers that he includes, and metaphorically, through the way in which it makes the viewer think and interpret the message.


Annie Vought

Although I’m probably more interested in keeping the main body of the paper and working into it with the laser cutting technique instead of taking text out of it to use on their own, Vought’s work is very captivating. I absolutely love the work displayed in the first image as the text is so intricate and think that it would be something that I would potentially be willing to experiment with myself. The colours used in the second image really make the words pop in terms of catching the audience’s attention and is again something that I would be willing to do myself but would definitely ensure that the colours had symbolic meaning in terms of what words they were communicating.