LM111 Week 7

Blog entry 5 on 21/3/17 LM111

In this weeks lecture and seminar the topic was Privacy in the networked society, and whether or not we have “the right to be alone” (Warren and Brandeis, Harvard Law Review, USA, 1890). Privacy is, according to Gavison “a measure of the access others have to you through information, attention and physical proximity” (Gavison, 1980 in boyd, 2014, p. 59). In this lecture, the overall impression I got was the fact that there is no more privacy in the networked society. This theory doesn’t give me reason to worry as I do not have anything to hide, and nothing as of yet has endangered me.

Maria let us listen to a brief segment of a BBC radio broadcast where an interviewer asked a woman at random if she was on Facebook, the woman replied “Yes”. She then asked the woman if she could have all of the contacts on her phone for £5. The woman replied “No.” When asked why she wouldn’t give them over she said “because they’re private”. This, shows the difference in privacy nowadays. On Facebook she would surely post images and posts including her friends, family and associates however wouldn’t give away their actual names or numbers.

We then went on to talk about how privacy is the default  setting on all of us. Not so long ago you needed to be of high status or rich to have little privacy – but now we feel like that dynamic may have changed. I feel like anyone can become less private, or famous easily now because of social networking sites. “all web-accessible platforms, offer services, mostly social, in exchange for personal information. This simple step, taken by many, transforms our personal information into currency, and our privacy into a commodity” (Papacharissi, 2010).


LM111 Week 6

Blog entry 4 on 13/3/18 LM111

In this weeks lecture Maria discussed with us the difference between community and virtual community. Community is in reality, but virtual means ‘not tied directly to physical reality’ (Van Dijk, 1999, p. 250). In class we watched a YouTube video of Scholar Howard Rheingold (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icvJrjWCz_o) explaining the first virtual community ever created (supposedly) online in the 1980’s. The community was called ‘the WELL’ –  a space online where middle class, privileged, technology literate people could talk about information, daily life and schedule meet ups. “In reality The Well attracted a certain group of people: baby boomers… smart and left leaning without being self-conscientiously PC, mostly male, many with postgraduate degrees” (Hafner, 2007, Wired). According to Rheingold, “the internet can radically transform social interactions, culture and politics” (Rheingold, 1994). This is a statement I concur with – I do believe despite the Internets faults e.g causes isolation (allegedly), cyber-bullying etc; it can be used to express the views and stories of some people who without wouldn’t of been heard at all. This, can change culture and politics hopefully for the better – nevertheless, change it.

In the seminar the whole class spent the whole time debating about what does constitute a virtual community for them? One classmate said “Just because I follow every French Bulldog on Instagram, comment and like every image, doesn’t mean I’m in it’s community, because it doesn’t write back”. Which I don’t agree with, I don’t believe the community is with the French Bulldog’s itself, but with the rest of their followers.




LM111 Week 5

Blog entry 3 on the 6/3/18 LM111

This weeks focus was on the concept of time linked to the media in a networked society. Manuel describes this theory as ‘..new concepts and new theoretical perspectives to understand the trends that characterise the structures and dynamics of our societies in the world of the twenty-first century’ (Castells, 2010, The Rise of the Network Society p. 19) We were shown a video explaining an equation to easily explain this concept of “networked society”. This equation is




Big Ideas + 


= Networked Society 

Maria explained how media in a networked society nowadays, with digitisation for example, means that media isn’t as effected by time like it once was. Back in the early 1900’s people would send hand-written letters to communicate (this would take a few days minimum to reach the recipient) – however in present-day people can have real time conversations with each other from opposite sides of the planet.  “In the network society, the emphasis on sequencing is reversed. The relationship to time is defined by the use of information and communication technologies in a relentless effort to annihilate time by negating sequencing” (Castells, 2009, p. 36, in Educationmuseum, 2013) 

We also spent a majority of the lecture and seminar debating the perk given to female employers by Facebook and Apple, offering to freeze their eggs in order for them to delay having children/not missing the opportunity to have children. My group said it was a good idea, and people who wish to do so can, but those who do not want to wait do not have to. The fact people can do this shows just how far modern society has come when it comes to controlling time.

LM111 Week 3

Blog entry 2 on the 21/02/18 LM111

In this weeks lesson, Maria started off by explaining the 3 layered model of media. Which is;

  1. objects and tools such as laptop and phone
  2. content and services such as recording or copying
  3. practices of use/social meanings – share, consume and communicate

This weeks theme, similar from last week, from my understanding, was the history and the contrast between old and new media “new media are often frequently contrasted (usually favourably) with ‘old media’ (Lister et al. 2009, p. 45). In the lecture, Maria gives us a brief history of the development of media from 1960’s America to present day. She also taught us the key term Technological Determinism: which is the focus on media technology and its effect on users.

In groups we discussed “How, in itself, the media doesn’t contribute  to participation, expression and freedom of information of information”. My team talked about how in North Korea the media consumption is changed to suit the needs of the government, and how in China – Facebook (2004) is banned. Even though the internet does help information and participation and freedom of speech, it still has its boundaries. This relates to the quote “…technological innovations are seen drivers in the ‘progress’ (or sometimes ‘decline’) of society and culture” (Miller, 2011:3)

Homework: Is a historical perspective useful to the study of media? 

The compassion between the old and new in the media allows us as users and creators to see whats changed over time, too gain perspective in what we had and what’s evolved to present day. These comparisons can help us evaluate pros and cons in what we had to what we can have. “Revolutions in the media turn out to have been long in the making” (MacKensie and Wajcman, 1999:9) suggesting we were always going to improve technology, and this is not a new development.

However, despite Lister saying “any attempt to understand new media requires a historical perspective” (Lister et al, 2003: 38) I do not believe that historical perspective is crucial to the study of media. Media is always changing and always current, history becomes irrelevant.



LM111 Week 2

Blog entry 1 on the 13/2/18 LM111

This is my first blog entry due in for tomorrow, as I had my lesson yesterday detailing exactly what we must include in these blogs, I fear I do not have time to do the full readings. However, I will start as of next week.

In yesterdays lesson we learned about Analogue media. Before that, introducing this lecture/seminar, the lecturer talked to us about the difference between content media and distribution media. Content media is video, text, image, sound etc whilst distribution media is wifi, satellites, landlines etc. Content media is what can be shared via distribution media.

This leads on to analogue media. Defined as “one set of physical properties can be stored in another”. Meaning to reproduce and store media and data. Analogue media can be like a basic telephone or a (non-smart) television. The cons with analogue media is that its

  • heavy
  • slow (slower to other, newer, technology)
  • expensive
  • limited with that it can do

this type of analogue technology was only produced by professionals.

In contrast to this, digitisation is basically the convergence of these different, separate technologies.  All digital content can be shared via any network. digital convergence that can be accessed by any device.

  • digital signal can be compressed
  • high speed
  • easy to manipulate
  • low cost
  • more roles for more users

In this lesson we learnt the difference between analogue and digital media, how its distributed and what there pros and cons are. The convergence in media allowing one device, for example; a smart phone, to fulfil the functions of many, has benefited society greatly – making tasks easier and more accessible for the masses.