Cubism

Around 1909 cubism was thought to have been created and recognised with the celebration of Picasso’s painting, the ‘Demoiselles D’Avignon’ which characteristics resembles that of cubism, see figure   . Art critic, ‘Louis Vauxcelles’, is thought to have come up with the term after seeing the work of George Braque whose paintings contained a heavily geometric aesthetic with a build-up of lines and cubes. Cubism pushed the boundaries of the visual reality of art, influencing the emergence of abstract art, including both neo-plasticism and constructivism. The breaking down of objects, showing a different view point to these objects show the 3-dimensional aspects in the same space and time, thus, emphasising the 2 dimensional flatness of the whole canvas which instead creates an illusion of depth within the painting. Pablo Picasso, who was heavily inspired from African tribal masks, said that a face can be distributed in any way that you like showing an end result that is non-naturalistic, however, still resembles that of the human form, examples of his talented work are shown in figures        . This is an aspect that is heavily seen within his later works.

Analytical cubism is one form of cubism that came about between 1908-1912 which was made up of interweaving planes that are muted in colour, often using ochres, black and grey tones, figure    . A later phase of cubism between 1912-1914 is called synthetic cubism which has similar characteristics, however, brighter colours are used, simpler shapes are used and physical components are added to create a college effect such as, newspapers, figure     . This collage effect is something I will be experimenting on within my illustrations and visuals. The reason I have been looking into cubism is because it resembles the quilts of Gee’s bend and Boro stitching I have previously been looking at in correspondence with non-waste and austerity. Another reason is that the aesthetic resembles harmony between colours that show a sense of community.

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