The impact of climate change on glaciers in the Chamonix Valley, French Alps.

The impact of climate change on glaciers in the Chamonix Valley, French Alps. Edward Daws.

ABSTRACT

In recent years retreating glaciers have become synonymous with the onset of global warming, attracting interest from public and scientific communities alike. This paper presents an assessment of glacier front variation in relation to temperature and precipitation records between 1934 and 2014 for three glaciers – Mer de Glace, Glacier d’Argentière and Glacier des Bossons – in the Chamonix Valley region of the French Alps. Results suggest (i) annual temperature increased by 2°C in the Chamonix Valley between 1934 and 2014 when all three glaciers retreated, yet no significant trend in precipitation occurred during this period; (ii) all three glaciers demonstrate a medium to strong negative statistical correlation between average temperature and glacier front variations between 1934 and 2014; and (iii) in recent years (1984-2014) both temperature and glacial retreat have increased at unprecedented rates. In addition, results suggest that a further temperature increase of 1°C in the future will drive approximately 200.2 m and 307.1 m of additional retreat for the Mer de Glace and Glacier des Bossons, respectively. In the next 50-100 years the smaller glaciers in the Chamonix Valley are at risk of disappearing completely, with the larger glaciers expected to retreat far up their valleys to very high altitudes.

Keywords Glacial retreat, Chamonix Valley (French Alps), Climate change, Global warming

The geographies of wrestling: A review.

The geographies of wrestling: A review. Imogen Fox.

ABSTRACT

This paper critically analyses debates surrounding the spatial scale of the ‘body’, with a specific focus on professional wrestling and the wrestler’s body. It addresses the ‘corporeal turn’ within sport literature, followed by an examination of how geographical thinking is crucial to an understanding of sports spaces, including the body as a space. This paper provides an insight into how wrestlers’ bodies interact and manipulate the space around them, creating a ‘spectacle of excess’, as well as how fighting roles and the professional wrestler’s body is determined by ideologies of race, gender and sexuality. In conclusion, this paper argues that to fully understand wrestling one needs to attend to socio-spatial relations and complex embodiments of cultural power.

Keywords Geographies of sport, Body, Wrestling, Spectacle, Gender

The production of community in a gentrifying space: A case study of Chatsworth Road, Hackney.

The production of community in a gentrifying space: A case study of Chatsworth Road, Hackney. Mahalia Sterling.

ABSTRACT

This paper will investigate the production of community in an early gentrifying space. The research will focus on Chatsworth Road, a high street in the East London borough of Hackney. The research aimed to investigate how community, a sense of belonging and gentrification is understood by the middle class and gentrifying community of Chatsworth Road. The focus is on the migration of the middle class due to the transformation and establishment of new sub-cultures and lifestyles that aid the gentrification process. An ethnographic approach was undertaken within this research, which involved a mix of methods such as semi-structured interviews, the analysis of online discussion forums and the analysis of secondary data.

Keywords Gentrification, Community, Belonging, Middle Class, London, High Street